If a three month old boy sees a model train enter one end of a tunnel, he'll shift his gaze to the other end of the tunnel, anticipating the the train's appearance there. He already has spatiotemporal expectations that put traditional machine vision to shame. A new paper by Christian Balkenius and Birger Johansson offers a model of gaze control that includes mechanism for predictive control. This could give future robots anticipatory vision on par with humans. Their model "undergoes stages similar to those of human infants if the influence of the predictive systems is gradually increased". The paper is titled Event Prediction and Object Motion Estimation in the Development of Visual Attention (PDF format). For more information see the Reactive Anticipatory Cognitive Emodied Systems (RACES) website.